National Advisory Board

Board Chairs

George HW Bush and Bill Clinton
Founding Chairmen

George H.W. Bush And Bill Clinton

The National Institute for Civil Discourse was honored that Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton served as the first Honorary Co-Chairs of the Institute.
Tom Daschle
Co-Chair

Tom Daschle

Born in Aberdeen, South Dakota, Tom Daschle graduated from South Dakota State University in 1969. Upon graduation, he entered the United States Air Force where he served as an intelligence officer in the Strategic Air Command until mid-1972.

Following completion of his military service, Senator Daschle served on the staff of Senator James Abourezk. In 1978, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives where he served for eight years. In 1986, he was elected to the U.S. Senate and eight years later became its Democratic Leader. Senator Daschle is one of the longest serving Senate Democratic Leaders in history and the only one to serve twice as both Majority and Minority Leader. During his tenure, Senator Daschle navigated the Senate through some of its most historic economic and national security challenges. In 2003, he chronicled some of these experiences in his book, Like No Other Time: The 107th Congress and the Two Years That Changed America Forever.

Today, Senator Daschle is a Senior Policy Advisor to the law firm of DLA Piper where he provides clients with strategic advice on public policy issues such as climate change, energy, health care, trade, financial services and telecommunications. Since leaving the Senate, he has distinguished his expertise in health care through the publication of Critical: What We Can Do About the Health-Care Crisis and the recently published, GETTING IT DONE: How Obama and Congress Finally Broke the Stalemate to Make Way for Health Care Reform. Daschle has continued to lead on climate change and renewable energy, as well as a variety of other public policy challenges.

In 2007, he joined with former Majority Leaders George Mitchell, Bob Dole, and Howard Baker to create the Bipartisan Policy Center, an organization dedicated to finding common ground on some of the pressing public policy challenges of our time. Senator Daschle serves on the board of the Center for American Progress, acts as the Vice Chair of the National Democratic Institute, and is a member of the Council of Foreign Relations.

He also is a member of the Health Policy and Management Executive Council at the Harvard School of Public Health in addition to the Global Policy Advisory Council for the Health Worker Migration Initiative. He is a member of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation Board of Trustees, the GE Healthymagination Advisory Board; the National Integrated Foodsystem Advisory Board; and the Committee on Collaborative Initiatives at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In addition, Senator Daschle’s board memberships include the Blum Foundation; the Energy Future Coalition, the Committee to Modernize Voter Registration; the US Global Leadership Coalition Advisory Council and the Advisory Committee on the Trust for National Mall.

Christine Todd Whitman
Co-Chair

Christine Todd Whitman

Christine Todd Whitman is the President of The Whitman Strategy Group (WSG), a consulting firm that specializes in energy and environmental issues. WSG offers a comprehensive set of solutions to problems facing businesses, organizations, and governments; they have been at the forefront of helping leading companies find innovative solutions to environmental challenges.

Governor Whitman served in the cabinet of President George W. Bush as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency from January of 2001 until June of 2003. She was the 50th Governor of the State of New Jersey, serving as its first woman governor from 1994 until 2001.

As Governor, Christie Whitman earned praise from both Republicans and Democrats for her commitment to preserve a record amount of New Jersey land as permanent green space. She was also recognized by the Natural Resources Defense Council as having instituted the most comprehensive beach monitoring system in the nation. As EPA Administrator, she promoted common-sense environmental improvements such as watershed-based water protection policies. She championed regulations requiring non-road diesel engines to reduce sulfur emissions by more than 95 percent. During her tenure, the Agency was successful in passing and implementing landmark brownfields legislation to promote the redevelopment and reuse of “brownfields”, previously contaminated industrial sites.

She is the author of a New York Times best seller called “It’s My Party Too”, which was published in January of 2005 and released in paperback in March 2006.

Governor Whitman serves on the Board of Directors of Texas Instruments Inc. and United Technologies Corporation, and formerly served on the Board of S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc. She is a member of the Nuclear Matters Advisory Council and Terrestrial Energy’s International Advisory Board. She holds an Executive Masters Professional Director Certification from the American College of Corporate Directors.

Governor Whitman also serves a number of non-profit organizations including as Chairman of the American Security Project and Vice-Chairman of the Trustees of the Eisenhower Fellowships. She is a member of the Board of Directors of the Center for Responsible Shale Development. She co-chairs the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative Leadership Council and is on the Advisory Boards of the Corporate Eco Forum and The Northeast Maglev (TNEM). She serves as an advisor to the Aspen Rodel Fellowship program and on the O’Connor Judicial Selection Advisory Committee at the Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System. She is a member of the Senior Advisory Committee of the Institute of Politics at Harvard University and a member of the National Advisory Committees for the Women’s Coalition for Common Sense and the Presidential Climate Action Project.

Prior to becoming Governor, she was the President of the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities and served on the Somerset County board of Chosen Freeholders.

Governor Whitman holds a BA from Wheaton College in Norton, MA, and was married for 41 years to the late John R. Whitman. She has two children and seven grandchildren.

Board Members

Former U. S. Secretary of State

Madeleine Albright

Madeleine K. Albright is Chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a global strategy firm, and Chair of Albright Capital Management LLC, an investment advisory firm focused on emerging markets. Dr. Albright was the 64th Secretary of State of the United States.

In 1997, she was named the first female Secretary of State and became, at that time, the highest ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government. As Secretary of State, Dr. Albright reinforced America’s alliances, advocated for democracy and human rights, and promoted American trade, business, labor, and environmental standards abroad.

From 1993 to 1997, Dr. Albright served as the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations and was a member of the President’s Cabinet. From 1989 to 1992, she served as President of the Center for National Policy.

Previously, she was a member of President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Council and White House staff and served as Chief Legislative Assistant to U.S. Senator Edmund S. Muskie.

Dr. Albright is a Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service. She chairs both the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs and the Pew Global Attitudes Project and serves as president of the Truman Scholarship Foundation.

Dr. Albright serves on the Boards of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Aspen Institute and the Center for a New American Security. In 2009, Dr. Albright was asked by NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen to Chair a Group of Experts focused on developing NATO’s New Strategic Concept.

Dr. Albright is the author of four New York Times bestsellers: Her autobiography, Madam Secretary: A Memoir (2003); The Mighty and the Almighty: Reflections on America, God, and World Affairs (2006); Memo to the President: How We Can Restore America’s Reputation and Leadership (2008); and Read My Pins: Stories from a Diplomat’s Jewel Box (2009).

Dr. Albright received a B.A. with Honors from Wellesley College, and Master’s and Doctorate degrees from Columbia University’s Department of Public Law and Government, as well as a Certificate from its Russian Institute.

Donna Brazile
Former Vice Chairwoman, Democratic National Committee

Donna Brazile

“Donna Brazile is hard to ignore, given her penchant for candor and 20 years’ experience in the making of Democratic presidential candidates. She feels that getting a candidate elected takes the same artful mix as cooking up a fine gumbo. And her political opinions are as fiery as Tabasco.” –The New York Times

Veteran Democratic political strategist Donna Brazile is an adjunct professor, author, syndicated columnist, television political commentator, Vice Chair of Voter Registration and Participation at the Democratic National Committee, and former chair of the DNC’s Voting Rights Institute. Last, but never least, she is a native of New Orleans.

Aside from working for the full recovery of her beloved New Orleans, Ms. Brazile’s passion is encouraging young people to vote, to work within the system to strengthen it, and to run for public office.

A New Orleans native, Ms. Brazile began her political career at the age of nine when she worked to elect a City Council candidate who had promised to build a playground in her neighborhood; the candidate won, the swing sets was installed, and a lifelong passion for political progress was ignited. Four decades and innumerable state and local campaigns later, Ms. Brazile has worked on every presidential campaign from 1976 through 2000, when she served as campaign manager for former Vice President Al Gore, becoming the first African-American woman to manage a presidential campaign.

Author of the best-selling memoir Cooking with Grease: Stirring the Pots in American Politics, Ms. Brazile is an adjunct professor at Georgetown University, a syndicated newspaper columnist for United Media, a columnist for Ms. Magazine and O Magazine, and an on-air contributor to CNN, NPR, and ABC, where she regularly appears on This Week.

In August 2009, O, The Oprah Magazine chose Ms. Brazile as one of its 20 “remarkable visionaries” for the magazine’s first-ever O Power List. In addition, she was named among the 100 Most Powerful Women by Washingtonian magazine, Top 50 Women in America by Essence magazine, and received the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation’s highest award for political achievement. A former member of the board of directors of the Louisiana Recovery Authority, responsible for leading the state’s rebuilding process in the aftermath of two catastrophic hurricanes, Ms. Brazile is the proud recipient of honorary doctorate degrees from Louisiana State University and Xavier University of Louisiana, the only historically Black, Catholic institution of higher education in the United States.

Ms. Brazile is founder and managing director of Brazile & Associates LLC, a general consulting, grassroots advocacy, and training firm based in Washington, DC.

Burwell
Former Secretary, Health and Human Services

Sylvia Mathews Burwell

Sylvia M. Burwell is American University's 15th president and the first woman to serve as president. Burwell has held two cabinet positions in the United States government. She served as the 22nd secretary of the US Department of Health and Human Services from 2014 to 2017. During her tenure, she managed a trillion-dollar department that includes the National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Food and Drug Administration, and the Medicaid and Medicare programs; oversaw the successful implementation of the Affordable Care Act; and led the department’s responses to the Ebola and Zika outbreaks. Before that, she served as the director of the Office of Management and Budget, working with Congress to negotiate a two-year budget deal following the 2013 government shutdown. In both roles she was known as a leader who worked successfully across the aisle and focused on delivering results for the American people.

Her additional government experience is extensive and includes roles as deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget, deputy chief of staff to the president, chief of staff to the secretary of the Treasury, and special assistant to the director of the National Economic Council.

Burwell has held leadership positions at two of the largest foundations in the world. She served 11 years at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, including roles as the chief operating officer and president of the Global Development Program. She then served as president of the Walmart Foundation and ran its global Women’s Economic Empowerment efforts. Her private sector experience includes service on the Board of Directors of MetLife.

She earned a bachelor’s degree in Government from Harvard University and a BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar.

A second-generation Greek American, Burwell is a native of Hinton, West Virginia. She and her husband Stephen Burwell are the parents of two young children.

Couric
American television personality, journalist, and author

Katie Couric

Katie Couric is an award-winning journalist, author of the best-selling book The Best Advice I Ever Got: Lessons From Extraordinary Lives, and popular TV personality. She also writes a monthly column for Glamour magazine, which features an interview with a dynamic female role model every month, and is active on Twitter, @katiecouric. Couric served as anchor and managing editor of the CBS Evening News with Katie Couric, a 60 Minutes correspondent and anchor of CBS News primetime specials for the past 5 years.

During the last four and a half years, Couric has reported on and anchored newscasts and broadcasts for some of the biggest domestic and international stories and has conducted numerous exclusive newsmaker interviews including the historic 2008 Presidential election. Couric has been honored with many awards including the prestigious Edward R. Murrow Award for Best Newscast in both 2008 and 2009, Walter Cronkite Award for Special Achievement for “National Impact on the 2008 Campaign,” the Al Neuharth Award for Excellence in the Media, and the Alfred I. duPont Award for political reporting for her 2008 interviews with Republican Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin. Couric also conducted two special series of in-depth and incisive interviews during the Presidential campaign for the CBS Evening News series “Primary Questions” and “Presidential Questions.”

Couric has developed several online content initiatives including her notebook and YouTube channel, among others. Couric is also a co-founder of Stand Up To Cancer, and in March 2000, Couric launched the National Colorectal Cancer Research Alliance with the Entertainment Industry Foundation and Lilly Tartikoff to fund cutting-edge research in colorectal cancer and generate awareness about the life-saving value of screening.

Couric graduated with honors from the University of Virginia in 1979 with a bachelor’s degree in English and a focus on American studies.

Kenneth M. Duberstein
Former White House Chief of Staff, Ronald Reagan

Kenneth M. Duberstein

Kenneth M. Duberstein is chairman and CEO of The Duberstein Group, an independent strategic planning and consulting company advising leading corporations and a select group of trade associations.

Mr. Duberstein served as a key member of the Reagan Administration during his various assignments as White House Chief of Staff (1988-89), Deputy Chief of Staff (1987) and Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs (during the first term).

Among the Board of Directors on which Mr. Duberstein serves are: The Boeing Company (Lead Director and Chairman of the Governance, Organization, and Nominating Committee), ConocoPhillips, Inc. (former Presiding Director/Chair of Director Affairs Committee (governance) during the first 5 years of the merger, now serving on Public Policy Committee), The Travelers Companies, Inc (Chairman of the Nominating and Governance Committee) and Mack-Cali Realty Corp. Mr. Duberstein was previously on the boards of NASD and Fannie Mae.

Mr. Duberstein serves as well on a wide range of commissions, task forces, and cultural, educational and volunteer boards, including the board of directors of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Brookings Institution, Harvard University/Kennedy School's Institute of Politics Senior Advisory Committee, the National Endowment for Democracy, the American Security Project, the National Alliance to End Homelessness and the newly formed National Institute for Civil Discourse. He is also a lifetime Trustee of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.

Prior to joining the Reagan Administration, he was Vice President and Director of Business-Government Relations of the Committee for Economic Development. He returned to the private sector between his various White House assignments as Vice President of Timmons & Company Inc, a government relations firm. His earlier government service included Deputy Under Secretary of Labor during the Ford Administration and Director of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs at the U.S. General Services Administration. He began his public service on Capitol Hill as an assistant to Senator Jacob K. Javits.

From 2003 to 2006, Mr. Duberstein was a consultant for storyline and accuracy for the Emmy award winning TV series ‘West Wing.’ He also regularly appears as a commentator on network and cable news programs including Meet the Press, Nightline, This Week, Inside Politics, The News Hour, Nightly News and the Charlie Rose Show.

He was awarded the President's Citizens Medal by President Reagan in January 1989. Mr. Duberstein graduated from Franklin and Marshall College (A.B., 1965) and American University (M.A., 1966). He received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Franklin and Marshall in 1989.

He is married to the former Jacquelyn Fain and he has four children: Jennifer, Jeff, Andy, and Samantha.

Former U.S. Congressman, Oklahoma

Mickey Edwards

Mickey Edwards is Vice President of the Aspen Institute and serves as Director of the Aspen Institute’s Rodel Fellowships in Public Leadership. Mr. Edwards was a Republican member of Congress from Oklahoma from 1977 to 1992, serving as a member of the House Republican Leadership and as a member of the Appropriations and Budget Committees. After leaving the Congress, he taught for 11 years at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, where he was the John Quincy Adams Lecturer in Legislative Practice, and for five years as a lecturer at Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Maryland Law School and at Georgetown University’s Public Policy Institute and a visiting lecturer at Harvard Law School.

Early in his career he was a newspaper reporter and editor, worked in advertising and public relations, and served as a magazine editor. Mr. Edwards co-chaired task forces on judicial independence and the war power, and served on the American Bar Association Task Force on Presidential Signing Statements and the American Society of International Law Task Force on the International Criminal Court. He and former White House Counsel Lloyd Cutler co-chaired Citizens for Independent Courts, a task force dedicated to preserving judicial independence, and he and Federal Judge Abner Mikva co-chaired a task force on the constitutional amendment process.

Mr. Edwards is the author or co-author of four books, including "Reclaiming Conservatism," published in 2008 by Oxford University Press. His latest book, "The Parties Versus the People," was published by Yale University Press. He has been a regular political commentator on National Public Radio’s “All Things Considered” and a weekly political columnist for The Chicago Tribune and Los Angeles Times, as well as other major newspapers. His articles have appeared in magazines ranging from The Atlantic to The Public Interest. Mr. Edwards is a frequent public speaker and has been a guest on many of the nation’s leading radio and television news and opinion broadcasts. He received a B.A. in journalism from the University of Oklahoma and a J.D. from Oklahoma City University School of Law.

Professor of Practice in Collaborative Governance

Kirk Emerson

Kirk Emerson is Professor of Practice in Collaborative Governance in the School of Government and Public Policy at the University of Arizona. Emerson was the founding director of the U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution of the Udall Foundation, is an elected fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration, and serves on the board of the National Institute for Civil Discourse. She is the co-author with Tina Nabatchi of Collaborative Governance Regimes (Georgetown University Press, 2015) and her research focuses on collaborative governance and conflict management, particularly related to public lands management, climate change, and border security.
Gabriella Giffords
Former U.S. Congresswoman, Arizona

Gabrielle Giffords

Gabrielle Giffords represented Arizona’s 8 Congressional district form 2007 - 2012. She is the third woman in Arizona’s history to be elected the US Congress and the youngest woman elected to the Arizona State Senate. As a Member of the House, she participated in the Blue Dog Democrat Coalition and the New Democrat Coalition. Giffords won in 2006 against Republican Randy Graf. In 2008, she won reelection against Republican Tim Bee, a childhood classmate and former colleague from the Arizona State Senate. In 2010, she once again won reelection against Republican and Tea Party candidate Jesse Kelly.

While in Congress, Giffords voted in favor of raising the minimum wage, endorsing the 9/11 commission recommendations, new rules for the House of Representative targeting ethical issues, the repeal of $14 billion of subsidies to big oil reserves and for subsidies for renewable energy. She has also worked tirelessly for border control and veteran affairs.

Prior to her time as a Congresswoman, she was a member of the Arizona House of Representatives from 2001-2003 and the Arizona Senate from 2003-2005. Aside from her political work, Giffords worked as an associate for regional economic development at Price Waterhouse in New York City and as CEO of El Campo Tire Warehouses, a local automotive chain owned by her father.

Giffords is a native Tucsonan. She graduated with a Bachelor’s of Arts in Sociology and Latin American History from Scripps College in 1993. Giffords then spent a year as a Fulbright Scholar in Chihuahua, Mexico. She also graduated with a Master’s degree in Regional Planning from Cornell University in 1996. She is married to US Navy Captain and NASA astronaut Mark Kelly.

Giffords was a victim of the January 8 shooting in Tucson, Arizona. She has made great progress in recovering with the help from friends, family and supporters. She resigned from the US Congress on January 25, 2012 to focus on further recovery.

Executive Director of the Aspen Institute Congressional Program

Dan Glickman

Dan Glickman is the Executive Director of the Aspen Institute Congressional Program, a nongovernmental, nonpartisan educational program for members of the United States Congress. The program provides lawmakers with a stronger grasp of critical public policy issues by convening high-level conferences and breakfast meetings in which legislators are brought together with internationally-recognized academics, experts and leaders to study the issues and explore various policy alternatives.

He served as the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from March 1995 until January 2001. Under his leadership, the Department administered farm and conservation programs; modernized food safety regulations; forged international trade agreements to expand U.S. markets; and improved its commitment to fairness and equality in civil rights.
Before his appointment as Secretary of Agriculture, Glickman served for 18 years in the U.S. House of Representatives representing the 4th Congressional District of Kansas. During that time, he was a member of the House Agriculture Committee, including six years as chairman of the subcommittee with jurisdiction over federal farm policy issues. Moreover, he was an active member of the House Judiciary Committee; chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence; and was a leading congressional expert on general aviation policy.

Glickman is also a Senior Fellow at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C. The BPC was formed in 2007 by former Senate Majority Leaders Howard Baker, Tom Daschle, Bob Dole and George Mitchell to develop and promote bipartisan solutions to the country’s problems and to promote civility in government.

Glickman served as Chairman of the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc. (MPAA) from 2004 until 2010.

Prior to joining the MPAA, he was the Director of the Institute of Politics at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government (2002-2004).

Before his election to Congress in 1976, Glickman served as president of the Wichita School Board; was a partner in the law firm of Sargent, Klenda and Glickman; and worked as a trial attorney at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. He received his Bachelor of Arts in history from the University of Michigan and his J.D. from The George Washington University. He is a member of the Kansas and District of Columbia Bars.

Glickman is also on the board of directors of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange; Communities in Schools; Food Research and Action Center, a domestic anti-hunger organization; National 4-H Council; and the Center for U.S. Global Engagement, where he is Chair of the U.S. Global Leadership Coalition. He co-chairs an initiative of eight foundations, administered by the Meridian Institute, to look at long-term implications of food and agricultural policy. He chairs an initiative at the Institute of Medicine on accelerating progress on childhood obesity. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and a senior fellow of the Center on Communication Leadership and Policy at the USC Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism, the Council on American Politics at The Graduate School of Political Management at The George Washington University, and is Vice-Chair of the World Food Program-USA. He is the co-chair of the Chicago Council on Global Affairs' global agricultural development initiative. He is the author of “Farm Futures,” in Foreign Affairs (May/June 2009).

President, Democracy Fund

Joe Goldman

Joe Goldman is the President of the Democracy Fund, a bipartisan foundation working to ensure that our political system is able to withstand new challenges and deliver on its promise to the American people. He is also the President of Democracy Fund Voice, previously Democracy Fund Action. Before joining the Democracy Fund, Joe was an Investment Director at Omidyar Network, where he incubated the Democracy Fund for three years.

Joe has spent his career working to strengthen democratic institutions through public deliberation and policy reform. Previously, Joe was Vice President of Citizen Engagement at AmericaSpeaks, where he directed and facilitated large-scale public deliberations across the country, including the Unified New Orleans Planning Process after Hurricane Katrina and the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site after 9/11. Joe has written extensively about the theory and practice of deliberative democracy and spoken about the value of public deliberation in venues around the world.

Joe has also engaged the public from inside government. He managed Mayor Anthony Williams’ Neighborhood Action initiative in Washington, DC, which engaged thousands of residents in shaping the city’s budget priorities. Neighborhood Action was named Program of the Year by the International Association of Public Participation. Joe also managed the Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission’s Common Ground regional planning process in Chicago, which later received the Outstanding Planning Award from the American Planning Association for its innovative use of technology and broad community outreach.

Joe was a Public Service Fellow at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, where he received a master’s degree in public policy. He graduated with honors in political science from Vassar College.

Follow Joe on Twitter @joegoldman

CEO, Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce

Trey Grayson

On January 7, 2011, the John F. Kennedy School of Government announced that Trey Grayson, then completing his second term as Secretary of State in Kentucky, was named Director of the Institute of Politics. Grayson began service as Director on January 31, succeeding Interim Director John C. Culver.

Secretary of State Trey Grayson was elected to office in November of 2003 in his first run for political office. At the time of his election he was the youngest Secretary of State in the country. In 2007, he became one of only two Republican state-wide elected constitutional officers to win a second consecutive term in modern history. After taking office, Grayson quickly became a national leader in elections, civics, business services, and government innovation. He served as President of the National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS) in 2009-2010.
A product of the Kenton County public school system, Secretary Grayson was inducted into the Kentucky Association for Academic Competition Hall of Fame for his achievements in the Governor’s Cup and other academic competitions at Dixie Heights High School. Grayson was a 1989 Governor’s Scholar and later served as President of the Program’s Alumni Association.

Secretary Grayson graduated with honors from Harvard College (A.B., Government, 1994) and from the University of Kentucky (J.D. 1998, M.B.A., 1998) where he was one of the first Kentucky MBA scholars and one of the first two Bert Combs Scholars, the College of Law’s top scholarship. He received one of the inaugural University of Kentucky College of Law Young Professional Awards. Prior to his election, he was an attorney with Greenebaum Doll & McDonald and Keating, Muething & Klekamp, where he focused on estate planning and corporate law.

Grayson is married to the former Nancy Humphrey of Lexington. Mrs. Grayson served the Commonwealth in a number of community organizations such as the Boone County Public Library Board of Trustees, the Family Nurturing Center, the United Way Impact Council for Children Prepared for Kindergarten, and Kindervelt, which raises funding for Cincinnati Children's Hospital. She also served on the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, and was a member of Leadership Northern Kentucky (Class of 2009).

Former U.S. Congressman, Indiana

Lee Hamilton

Lee H. Hamilton is the Director of the Center on Congress at Indiana University and one of the nation's foremost experts on Congress and representative democracy.

Hamilted represented Indiana in the U.S. House of Representatives for 34 years, establishing himself as a leading figure on foreign policy, intelligence and national security. In the years since he left office in 1999, he has continued to play a leading role in public affairs.

Hamilton served as Vice Chairman of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, known as the 9/11 Commission. He co-chaired the Iraq Study Group, a bipartisan panel that assessed the situation in Iraq and in 2006 made recommendations on U.S. policy there. Until recently, he served as Co-Chair of the U.S. Department of Energy's Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future with General Brent Scowcroft.

Among his published works are two books on the legislative branch - "How Congress Works and Why You Should Care" and "Strengthening Congress." He writes twice-monthly commentaries about Congress and what individuals can do to make representative democracy work better. A leader in the growing national movement to expand and improve civic education, he serves as a Co-Chairman of the Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools.

Hamilton was born in 1931 in Daytona Beach, Florida. His family relocated to Tennessee and then Evansville, Indiana. He graduated from DePauw University and Indiana University School of Law. A former high school and college basketball star, he was inducted to the Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame in 1982. Before his 1964 election to Congress, he practiced law in Chicago and Columbus, Indiana. He has three children and five grandchildren.

Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy, Harvard Kennedy School

Joe Kalt

Joseph (Joe) P. Kalt is the Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He joined the faculty at Harvard in 1978 and is a specialist in the economics of industrial organization, antitrust, economic development, and government regulation. In addition to his academic positions, Professor Kalt serves as a Senior Economist with Compass Lexecon, a subsidiary of FTI Consulting. He has also served as a mediator and arbitrator in various private and intergovernmental disputes, and as an advisor to international governments. In 1987, he founded (with Stephen Cornell) the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development. He continues to serve as the Project’s co-director and is a principal author of The State of the Native Nations: Conditions under U.S. Policies of Self-Determination (with the Harvard Project) and many other books. Professor Kalt received several awards including the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development’s First American Leadership Award in 2005 and along with Stephen Cornell, the National Congress of American Indians Public Service Leadership Award in 2010. Professor Kalt is chair of the Board of Directors of the Fort Apache Heritage Foundation, and is a member of the National Advisory Board of The Big Sky Institute, the Board of Directors of The Sonoran Institute, and the Honorary Advisory Board of the Centro Artistico y Cultural de Huachinera, Sonora, Mexico. Professor Kalt received his B.A. (1973) in economics from Stanford University, and his Ph.D. (1980) and M.A. (1977) in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles.
Former U.S. Congressman, Arizona

Jim Kolbe

Jim Kolbe is currently serving as a Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, and as a Senior Advisor to McLarty Associates, a strategic consulting firm. He advises on trade matters as well as issues of effectiveness of US assistance to foreign countries, on US-EU relationships, and on migration and its relationship to development. Recently, President Obama appointed him to the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations, where he provides policy advice on trade matters.

He is co-chair of the Transatlantic Taskforce on Development with Gunilla Carlsson, the Swedish Minister for International Development Cooperation. The Taskforce consists of experts from both sides of the Atlantic from governments, NGOs, foundations and corporations - it will make strategic recommendations on development for the new American administration as well as to European audiences. He also serves as an adjunct Professor in the College of Business at the University of Arizona.

For 22 years, Jim Kolbe served in the United States House of Representatives, elected for eleven consecutive terms, from 1985 to 2007. He represented the Eighth (previously designated the Fifth) congressional district, comprising the southeastern part of Arizona with Tucson as the main population area.

While in Congress, Jim served for 20 years on the Appropriations Committee of the House of Representatives, responsible for deciding the allocation of the budget and the terms for spending appropriated funds. He was chairman of the Treasury, Post Office and Related Agencies subcommittee for four years, and for the last six years in Congress, he chaired the Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Agencies subcommittee.

Education:
Kolbe graduated from Northwestern University with a BA degree in Political Science and then from Stanford University with an MBA and a concentration in economics.

Honors:
He has received numerous awards and tributes, but notable among them is the George Marshall Award for Distinguished Service from the United States Agency for International Development and the Order of the Aztec from the President of Mexico.

Former Executive Director, NICD

Carolyn J. Lukensmeyer

Dr. Carolyn J. Lukensmeyer was the first Executive Director of the National Institute for Civil Discourse, an organization that works to reduce political dysfunction and incivility in our political system. As a leader in the field of deliberative democracy, she works to restore our democracy to reflect the intended vision of our founding fathers.

Dr. Lukensmeyer previously served as Founder and President of AmericaSpeaks, an award-winning nonprofit organization that promoted nonpartisan initiatives to engage citizens and leaders through the development of innovative public policy tools and strategies. During her tenure, AmericaSpeaks engaged more than 200,000 people and hosted events across all 50 states and throughout the world. Dr. Lukensmeyer formerly served as Consultant to the White House Chief of Staff from 1993-94 and on the National Performance Review where she steered internal management and oversaw government-wide reforms. She was the Chief of Staff to Ohio Governor Richard F. Celeste from 1986-91, becoming the first woman to serve in this capacity. She earned her PhD in Organizational Behavior from Case Western Reserve University and has completed postgraduate training at the Gestalt Institute of Cleveland.

Director, University of Arizona School of Government and Public Policy

Brint Milward

H. Brinton (Brint) Milward is the Director of the School of Government and Public Policy at the University of Arizona. He holds the Providence Service Corporation Chair in Public Management. He has been president of two national associations: the Public Management Research Association and the National Association of Schools of Public Administration and Affairs. He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration and in 2010 won the Distinguished Research Award given by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration and the American Society for Public Administration for a "coherent body of work over a career." Dr. Milward's research interests revolve around networks and collaboration. The focus of his work has been on understanding how to efficiently and effectively manage networks of organizations that jointly produce public services like health and human services. He has conducted studies of what happens when governments privatize public services, which he terms "governing the hollow state." Since 9/11 he has studied illegal and covert networks that pursue grievances or greed. His articles on "Dark Networks," have been widely cited for their application of network analysis and management theory to terrorist networks, human trafficking, drug smuggling, and other illegal activities. Milward received his B.A. from University of Kentucky and his Ph.D. from Ohio State University.
Managing Director, Strategic Alliances, John Templeton Foundation

Jim Pitofsky

Jim Pitofsky serves as the Managing Director, Strategic Alliances for the $3B+ John Templeton Foundation. He plays a vital role in the creation and management of new strategies for connecting and engaging with entrepreneurial philanthropic and business leaders around the world. His primary goals are to increase enthusiasm and engagement among highly influential people in specific areas already supported by the Foundation’s programmatic activities and to forge mutually beneficial alliances.

Prior to joining the Foundation, Mr. Pitofsky was Chief Strategy Officer at the $500M+ Arizona Community Foundation (ACF) where he oversaw strategic planning and execution, public policy, education, and strategic alliances, as well as ACF’s Center for Business Philanthropy. Prior to that, he served as the ACF’s Director of Education where he led education grantmaking and advised high net-worth donors on their education grantmaking. Mr. Pitofsky has also served as the Vice President and Acting President of the Echoing Green Foundation, supporting hundreds of social entrepreneurs around the world; the Deputy Director of the National Youth Leadership Council, one of the leading service-learning organizations in the U.S. and the world; and the Executive Director for Hands on Bay Area, the leading manager of corporate volunteerism in the Bay Area. Additionally, Mr. Pitofsky founded and directed an organization that worked internationally to create school/community and business/education partnerships and was adopted by the National Association of Partners in Education. During that time, he also served as the elected President of the National and Community Service Coalition and led their federal public policy efforts.

Throughout his career, Mr. Pitofsky has worked closely with CEOs, foundation executives, philanthropists, celebrities, policy-makers, and nonprofit leaders to advance philanthropy, education reform, leadership development, social entrepreneurship, community service, and racial and economic equity. He has been a speaker at the World Economic Forum (Davos), FORTUNE Magazine CEO Forum, the White House Conference on Philanthropy, the Milken Institute and hundreds of other convenings of corporate, philanthropic, and nonprofit leaders. He has also organized meetings around the world in places such as the White House and the Vatican. Mr. Pitofsky earned his B.A. from Stanford University and his J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center where he was a Public Interest Law Scholar.

Former U.S. Secretary of State

General Colin L. Powell

General Colin L. Powell, founder, advisory council chair, and distinguished scholar of the Colin Powell Center for Policy Studies, was born in Harlem and raised in the South Bronx. He graduated from The City College of New York in 1958 and went on to earn an MBA from The George Washington University, and to build a distinguished military career in Vietnam, Korea, and the United States. His military career includes service as President Ronald Reagan's National Security Advisor, and as Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Army Forces Command.

General Powell was the first African-American and the youngest officer ever to serve as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the highest ranking officer in the United States military, under both President George H. W. Bush and President William Jefferson Clinton. In 1995, General Powell wrote and published his autobiography, My American Journey, and in 1997, founded America’s Promise, a collaborative network that builds on the collective power of communities and volunteerism to assist American youth to meet their potential. In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed him Secretary of State, a position that placed him at the head of America's foreign policy and in which he served from 2001–2005.

Former U.S. Secretary of Labor

Robert Reich

Robert B. Reich has served in three national administrations, most recently as secretary of labor under President Bill Clinton. He also served on President-Elect Obama's transition advisory board.

He has written twelve books, including The Work of Nations, which has been translated into 22 languages; the best-sellers The Future of Success and Locked in the Cabinet; and his most recent book, Supercapitalism. Mr. Reich is co-founding editor of The American Prospect magazine. His commentaries can be heard weekly on public radio's "Marketplace."

In 2003, Reich was awarded the prestigious Vaclav Havel Vision Foundation Prize, by the former Czech president, for his pioneering work in economic and social thought. In 2008, Time Magazine named him one of the ten most successful cabinet secretaries of the century. He received his B.A. from Dartmouth College, his M.A. from Oxford University where he was a Rhodes Scholar, and his J.D. from Yale Law School.

Former Governor, New Mexico

Bill Richardson

Bill Richardson completed his second term as Governor of New Mexico in December 2010. Since entering life as a private citizen, Governor Richardson was named chairman of APCO Worldwide's executive advisory service Global Political Strategies (GPS). In January 2011, Richardson was named Special Envoy for the Organization of American States (OAS), adding another platform for initiatives within peace and reconciliation in the Western hemisphere. In addition, the Governor has joined several non-profit and for profit boards. The Governor also gives speeches on domestic and foreign policy through the Washington Speakers Bureau.

Governor Richardson was first elected to office in 2002 and re-elected in 2006 with the support of 69 percent of voters, representing the largest margin of victory for any Governor in state history.

Prior to being elected governor, Bill Richardson enjoyed a very successful and fulfilling career in public service, academia and the private sector - few can match his wide-ranging experience and his level of dedication to protecting the rights and improving the quality of life of people in New Mexico, the United States and around the world.

In 2008, Governor Richardson sought the Democratic nomination for President of the United States.

Governor Richardson served for 15 years in northern New Mexico representing the 3rd Congressional District. Governor Richardson served in 1997 as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and in 1998, he was unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy.
While a congressman, Richardson served as a special envoy on many sensitive international missions. He successfully won the release of hostages, American servicemen, and prisoners in North Korea, Iraq, Cuba and Sudan. Governor Richardson has been nominated several times for the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 2001, Richardson assumed the chairmanship of Freedom House, a private, non-partisan organization that promotes democracy worldwide. He also worked as a business consultant in Santa Fe and served on several boards including the Natural Resource Defense Council and United Way International.

Bill Richardson has been married to his high school sweetheart, Barbara, for 37 years. Richardson received a BA from Tufts in 1970 and a MA from Tuft's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1971.

Board Member

Ronald R. Rose

Mr. Ronald R. Rose was elected to the University of San Francisco Board of Trustees in June 2010. He is completing his final year of service at the University. In the commercial real estate business, Mr. Rose manages his own real estate portfolio and partners with MCB Real Estate located in Baltimore, Maryland. In addition, he is a founding partner of Lendistry, formerly known as Money Merchant Company; a business to business, community investor and SBA lender mixing tradition banking tools with web based assistance located in La Habra, Ca. Prior to his current professional interests, he has had a 30-year career in commercial real estate with Metropolitan Life, the Federal Home Loan Bank, John Hancock Real Estate Financial Services and LoopNet, Inc.

In addition to being a trustee at the University of San Francisco, Mr. Rose has served on the USF San Francisco Regional Council, the Leo T. McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good and is former chair of the IT Committee, member of Executive Committee and currently the chair of the Dean's Circle at the School of Management. At the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Mr. Rose is a former chair of the Board of Visitors for the department of political science and the La Follett School of Public Policy. Additionally, The Rose Trust provides four undergraduate scholarships evenly distributed to students in the political science program and the writing workshop program at Wisconsin. Independent of his educational interests, he has co-produced new works with the Magic Theater in San Francisco and remains an angel investor in several medical start-ups.

He holds an undergraduate degree in political science from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, a master's degree in government from the University of Arizona, a master's degree in city planning from San Diego State University and a master's degree in business from the University of San Francisco. Mr. Rose lives in San Francisco with his wife, Karen, and they have one son and twin grandsons.

Host, NPR News

Scott Simon

Scott B. Simon is one of America’s most admired writers and broadcasters. He has reported from all fifty states, five continents, and ten wars, from El Salvador to Sarajevo to Afghanistan and Iraq. His books have chronicled character and characters, in war and peace, sports and art, tragedy and comedy.

His radio show, NPR’s Weekend Edition with Scott Simon, has been called by the Washington Post, “the most literate, witty, moving, and just plain interesting news show on any dial,” and by Brett Martin of Time-Out New York “the most eclectic, intelligent two hours of broadcasting on the airwaves.” Scott has won every major award in broadcasting, including the Peabody, the Emmy, the Columbia-DuPont, the Ohio State Award, the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award, and the Sidney Hillman Award. He received the Presidential End Hunger Award for his coverage of the Ethiopian civil war and famine, and a special citation from the Peabody Awards for his weekly essays, which were cited as “consistently thoughtful, graceful, and challenging.” He has also received the Barry M. Goldwater Award from the Human Rights Fund. Recently, he was awarded the Studs Terkel Award.

He has hosted many television specials, including the PBS’s State of Mind, and Voices of Vision. The Paterson Project, won a national Emmy, as did his two-hour special from the Rio earth summit meeting. He co-anchored PBS’s Millennium 2000 coverage in concert with the BBC, and has co-hosted the televised Columbia-DuPont Awards. He also became familiar to viewers in Great Britain as host of the continuing BBC series, Eyewitness, and a special on the White House press corps. He has appeared as a guest and commentator on all major networks, including BBC, NBC, CNN, and ESPN.

Scott has contributed articles to the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the New York Times Book Review, The Wall Street Journal, the Sunday Times of London, The Guardian, and Gourmet among other publications, and won a James Beard Award for his story, “Conflict Cuisine” in Gourmet. He has received numerous honorary degrees.

Sports Illustrated called his personal memoir Home and Away, “extraordinary…uniformly superb…a memoir of such breadth and reach that it compares favorably with Fredrick Exley’s A Fan’s Notes.” It was at the top of several non-fiction bestseller lists. His book, Jackie Robinson and the Integration of Baseball, was Barnes and Nobles’ Sports Book of the Year. His novel, Pretty Birds, the story of two teenage girls in Sarajevo during the siege, received rave reviews, Scott Turow calling it, “the most auspicious fiction debut by a journalist of note since Tom Wolfe’s. . . always gripping, always tender, and often painfully funny. It is a marvel of technical finesse, close observation, and a perfectly pitched heart.” Windy City, his second novel, is a political comedy set in the Chicago City Council. Baby, We Were Meant for Each Other, an essay about the joys of adoption, was published in August 2010.

Scott is a native of Chicago and the son of comedian Ernie Simon and Patricia Lyons Simon. His hobbies are books, theater, ballet, British comedy, Mexican cooking and “bleeding for the Chicago Cubs.” Simon appeared as Mother Ginger in the Ballet Austin production of The Nutcracker. He is married to Caroline Richard, a fan of the Yankees and the French national soccer team. They have two daughters, Elise and Lina.

Former U.S. Senator, Wyoming

Alan K. Simpson

A trusted bipartisan leader to whom President Obama turned to with Erskine Bowles, President Emeritus of North Carolina University, to co-chair America’s debt reduction commission, Alan Simpson provides his candid views on politics, the economy and the hard and tough choices that lie ahead for America’s leaders.

In a career hallmarked by a fearlessness of confronting the most intractable issues of our times, Alan Simpson most recently served as the co-chair of the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, a bi-partisan group looking to erase the United States’ multi-trillion dollar debt. Describing himself as someone who hates hypocrisy and pretense and has the temerity to say so, this is only the latest challenge taken on by Simpson who is best known for being a forceful voice for common-sense policy throughout his nearly two decades in the Senate. With quick wit and a straightforward style, Simpson tackles the most controversial of topics on the national agenda—bringing both honesty and sensible solutions for moving the country forward in these most uncertain of political times. Formerly a visiting lecturer in Political Science at the University of Wyoming—his alma mater—and formerly the director of the Institute of Politics at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, Simpson provides audiences with anecdotes, humor and cutting-edge commentary on politics, the media, Social Security and Medicare/Medicaid reform, the economy and much more. He enjoys taking questions from any audience.

Former U.S. Senator, Maine

Olympia J. Snowe

With a distinguished record of public service spanning nearly forty years, Senator Snowe holds the distinction of being only the fourth woman in U.S. history to be elected to both houses of Congress – and the first woman to serve in both houses of a state legislature and both houses of Congress.

A tireless advocate in the U.S. Senate on behalf of Maine, Senator Snowe has garnered national recognition as a consensus-builder. The first Republican woman to secure a full-term seat on the powerful Senate Committee on Finance, Senator Snowe is also the current Ranking Member and former Chair of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Additionally, she sits on the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.

In focusing her attention on key issues that matter to Maine and America, such as economic growth and deficit reduction, Senator Snowe is widely-regarded as a results-oriented leader and problem solver. Time and again, she has been a vigilant champion for legislative breakthroughs enacted into law, including the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act and the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act. She is also a recognized leader on the challenges of energy independence and job creation. In her position on the Small Business Committee, Senator Snowe has taken the lead on introducing common sense to the federal regulatory structure, working to require federal agencies to regularly review regulations to ensure that they are fair, effective, and efficient use of government resources.

With a can-do spirit and work-ethic emblematic of the great State of Maine she is so proud to represent in the United States Senate, Senator Snowe is widely regarded as one of the leading champions of bridging the partisan divide to solve the enormous challenges confronting the people of Maine and the nation, especially during these difficult economic times. In 2008, Esquire magazine cited Senator Snowe as one of the Ten Best Members of Congress – and, in 2006, Time named her one of America's 10 Best Senators.

Former Board Members

GeorgeHWBush
41st President of the United States

George H.W. Bush

Throughout his distinguished life, George Bush was always reaching out and helping others. He launched his "Points of Light" initiative as president to promote volunteerism and community service across America, but long before he entered the political arena he demonstrated his belief that "there could be no definition of a successful life that does not include service to others." In the early 1950s, for example, he helped establish the YMCA in Midland, Texas and served as chairman of the founding board. The Bushes also started the Bright Star Foundation to support cancer research following the death of their three year-old daughter, Robin, from leukemia on October 12, 1953.

A diverse array of other experiences contributed to George Bush's historic tenure as president as well -- service in the United States Navy, a career in the oil industry, two terms as a U.S. Congressman, service as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, tenure as Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in China, appointment as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and, finally, two terms as vice president to Ronald Reagan.

ClaytonChristensen
Professor, Harvard Business School

Clayton Christensen

Clayton Christensen was the Kim B. Clark Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School, where he taught one of the most popular elective classes for second year students, Building and Sustaining a Successful Enterprise. He is regarded as one of the world’s top experts on innovation and growth and his ideas have been widely used in industries and organizations throughout the world. A 2011 cover story in Forbes magazine noted that ‘’Everyday business leaders call him or make the pilgrimage to his office in Boston, Mass. to get advice or thank him for his ideas.’’ In 2011 in a poll of thousands of executives, consultants and business school professors, Christensen was named as the most influential business thinker in the world.

Clay was the best-selling author of nine books and more than a hundred articles. His first book, The Innovator’s Dilemma received the Global Business Book Award as the best business book of the year (1997); and in 2011 The Economist named it as one of the six most important books about business ever written. His other articles and books have received the Abernathy, Newcomen, James Madison, and Circle Prizes. Clay was a five-time recipient of the McKinsey Award, given each year to the two best articles published in the Harvard Business Review; and received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Tribeca Films Festival (2010).

RichardLugar
Former U.S. Senator, Indiana

Richard Lugar

Former United States Senator Richard G. Lugar was the first President of The Lugar Center, a non-profit organization focusing on global food security, WMD nonproliferation, aid effectiveness, and bipartisan governance. Senator Lugar served as a Professor of Practice and Distinguished Scholar at the School of Global and International Studies at Indiana University. He also served as a distinguished faculty member in the Department of History and Political Science and led the Richard G. Lugar Symposium for Tomorrow’s Leaders at the University of Indianapolis.

A fifth generation Hoosier who left the United States Senate as the longest serving member of Congress in Indiana history, Senator Lugar was recognized as a gifted local and state leader, as well as a respected national and international statesman. During his tenure in the United States Senate, he exercised leadership on critical issues such as food security, nuclear non-proliferation, energy independence, and free trade. He earned 46 honorary degrees from colleges and universities in 15 states and the District of Columbia, and he was the fourth person ever named Outstanding Legislator by the American Political Science Association. He was the 2005 recipient of the American Foreign Service Association Lifetime Contributions to American Diplomacy Award and the 2016 recipient of the J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding. Her Majesty The Queen of England bestowed upon Senator Lugar the rank of honorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in honor of his work to make the world more secure from weapons of mass destruction and his commitment to the U.S.-U.K. alliance. President Barack Obama named Senator Lugar a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

SandraDayOConnor
Former Supreme Court Justice

Sandra Day O'Connor

Sandra Day O'Connor was born in El Paso, Texas, March 26, 1930. She married John Jay O’Connor III in 1952 and has three sons - Scott, Brian, and Jay. She received her B.A. and LL.B. from Stanford University. She served as Deputy County Attorney of San Mateo County, California from 1952–1953 and as a civilian attorney for Quartermaster Market Center, Frankfurt, Germany from 1954–1957. From 1958–1960, she practiced law in Maryvale, Arizona, and served as Assistant Attorney General of Arizona from 1965–1969. She was appointed to the Arizona State Senate in1969 and was subsequently reelected to two two-year terms. In 1975 she was elected Judge of the Maricopa County Superior Court and served until 1979, when she was appointed to the Arizona Court of Appeals. President Reagan nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and she took her seat September 25, 1981. Justice O’Connor retired from the Supreme Court on January 31, 2006.
AliceRivlin
Former Director, White House Office of Management and Budget

Alice Rivlin

Alice Rivlin was a trailblazer in the field of economic policy and a long-time civil servant. She was the founder of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), Head of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve Board.

In 2010, President Obama appointed Rivlin to the Simpson-Bowles Commission on the federal budget. She also chaired, with former Senator Pete Domenici, the Bipartisan Policy Center’s Debt Reduction Task Force. Ms. Rivlin is considered an expert on fiscal and monetary policy as well as social policy and urban issues. She founded the Congressional Budget Office in 1975 and served as its director until 1983, creating an independent agency that continues to provide high-quality, nonpartisan analysis to Congress as it works on spending and revenue legislation. In 2008, Rivlin received the inaugural Daniel Patrick Moynihan Prize from the AAPSS. Rivlin has received a MacArthur Foundation Prize Fellowship, and has taught at Harvard, George Mason and New School Universities.